InspectAPedia tolerates no conflicts of interest. We have no relationship with advertisers, products, or services discussed at this website. Eaves trough gutter replacement: how do we get rid of the flat slope provided by an integral gutter system that we want to abandon? The starting and ending structure is ullustrated below where we give the steps in this procedure. When the integral gutter system is in very bad shape or when people are just sick of repairing and re-lining the eaes trough, or where the eaves trough has sagged so that it won't drain properly, just saying "fix it" can lead to a restoration job like mine above that is quite expensive.
Often when a home has built-in gutters such as the types I've described, the roof structure or soffit flattens out at the eaves in order to contain the gutter system.
Adding an aluminum K gutter at the edge of that won't work as you realizebecause we still have that too-flat and probably leaky or even leaky and rotted eaves trough in place. But chopping off the roof soffit and built-in eaves trough just to add a K gutter is a lot of work that is unnecessary unless that structure is already so badly rotted that it can neither be repaired nor built-over as I will describe below.
And chopping off the eaves trough structure or reducing the extent of eaves overhang at a home is usually a bad idea for various reasons:. Instead of hacking off a structurally sound or easily made sound eaves trough or integral gutter that is built into the roof surface you can just roof over it. If the integral gutter is a nearly-flat extension out over the roof edge, also forming a soffit, I'd think about leaving the built-in or integral gutter system in place, removing any water and debris in the gutters, drying out what remains, and then building over the eaves trough as follows:.
I read your instructions for repairing an integral gutter system. We would like to replace our integral system with aluminum gutters, but are unsure how far back to cut the roofing, and whether to remove the rubber membrane before installing the new shingles. Can you help us with these questions? I'd be glad to try to assist and my comments below may be off -base if I've misunderstood just what you have currently installed for an integral gutter system - I need a more clear understanding of your situation; perhaps you could send along some photos?
Meanwhile here is a general approach to replacing integral gutters with an aluminum fascia-mounted gutter:.Index of adobe acrobat pro dc
The most common approaches to eaves trough gutter troubles are to repair and re-line the existing integral gutter, or to abandon it entirely. In our article above I describe a third approach suitable for historic restoration and where the existing integral gutter structure itself is in such bad condition that re-lining is not an option: in stead we reconstruct the original eaves trough design, making sure that the trough bottoms have adequate pitch to drain properly and adequate depth so as not to simply spill rainwater or snow-melt off of the roof edge.
Then owners may consider how best to abandon the existing integral gutter system. If my preliminary image of your roof is right I'd think about leaving the built-in or integral gutter system in place, removing any water and debris in the gutters, drying out what remains, covering that over with plywood that extends at least 4 ft from the outer roof eaves edge up the roof slope so that we get some pitch at the lower roof eaves. I'd include ice and water shield, and I'd be sure that I had a good drip edge, properly placed, so that roof runoff spills into the new fascia-attached gutter and downspout system.
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He is also a contributor to InspectApedia. Contact Mr. Cranor at or by Email: johncranor verizon. Harris, P. Tel: Email: info carsondunlop. Carson Dunlop Associates' provides extensive home inspection education and report writing material.
The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively.
Field inspection worksheets are included at the back of the volume.Description: Hung gutters are formed from 8'-0" to 10'-0" long sheets of 20 oz.
Adjacent sheets are joined by 1" lapped, riveted, and soldered seams.Lol model viewer
Expansion joint spacing depends on gutter configuration and material thickness, see Table 10B. At inside or outside corners, expansion joints should be provided not more than 24' from the corner.
As shown in the details, there are many configurations for gutter assemblies. A few basic principles generally apply. For most climates, the supporting brackets or straps should not be spaced more than 30" O.
The roof upper edge of the gutter is folded over. A continuous copper apron, edge strip or cleat, that extends onto the roof sheathing a minimum of 4", is locked into this fold to form a drip. If straps are used, a reinforcing bar in the gutter bead is required. The straps are fastened through this reinforcing bar. The reinforcing bars or support brackets are made of copper, brass or bronze stock. A one-piece gutter and apron design, as shown in Detail The additional support, also described in Detail This is a typical detail of a gutter hung by straps.
Straps are riveted or bolted to the outer edge at the gutter bead and attached to the roof with two brass screws. The straps should extend a minimum of 6" onto the roof. The gutter is supported by brackets spaced 30" O. The separate apron flashing extends at least 4" onto the roof. Its upper edge is nailed, at 3" O.
A two-piece copper gutter and apron is not suitable for areas with severe ice and snow conditions or high winds.
In such conditions, refer to the integral apron and gutter in Detail The detail shows the recommended method for use in areas with severe ice and snow as well as other conditions. In this example, use with a copper roof is illustrated.Roofs are the crown of any establishment.
It not just covers, but even protects the main structure of the building from harsh weather conditions. The National Botanic Garden of Wales has the largest single span roof in the world. The structure itself is 95 m ft long and 55 m ft wide, and the roof contains panes of glass.
The shape and size of the roof depends upon the purpose of the structure, geographical location, and the national and local legislation. Would you like to write for us? Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word.
Get in touch with us and we'll talk You will often find thatched sloping roofs in places with extreme weather conditions. This is to prevent snow and rainwater from accumulating on the roof and ultimately decaying the house. It also works as an excellent reflector against the harsh heat of the sun. A new trend has been spotted in many a house, and that is to attach solar panels on the roof. This converts the sunlight into useful energy that is used in the homes.
Sheathings usually consist of wood-like material called oriented strand board or then plywood. Oriented boards are made from the wood of fast-growing trees cultivated specially for the sake of wood. You can also find radiant barriers of sheathing in the market. These are made of aluminum sides, which are laid face down in the attic. This helps to reflect the heat that hits the roof and keeps the house cooler.
Sheathings are panels that envelope the rafters. Other components such as metal panels or shingles are attached to the sheathing later. Sheathing is a layer used as the base of the roof. Other parts of the roof are nailed to this later. This layer covers the rafters and is beneath the shingles and membrane layers. Using seasoned or dry wood for building the sheathing prevents the wood from buckling or pulling away as the wood dries.
This form has been seen in American architecture for centuries. Dormers are structures set vertically around the windows, which project from the thatched roof. This structure comes with its own roof. The dormers provide additional internal space for the attics while adding to its beauty and character to the house. They suit a wide range of roof types. Gabled, hip, shed, and arched dormers are the most common types of dormers found.How To Install Gutters On A Metal Roof. Pre-Hung Box Gutter Installation For Corrugated Metal Roof.
The drip edge enables water to drain into the gutters and down the fascia.Description: Scuppers are used to provide an outlet through parapet walls or gravel stops on flat and built-up roofs to allow drainage of excess water.
They can be used in conjunction with gutters and downspouts to divert the flow to the desired location. Scuppers can be installed to carry water into gutters or directly into downspouts through conductor heads. When a conductor head is used, it should be at least 2" wider than the scupper.
When neither conductor heads nor gutters are used to catch the water, scupper spouts should extend past the exterior surface of the building to avoid wetting the building surface.
The minimum recommended weight for the construction of scuppers is 16 oz. Scuppers are fabricated with flanges on the roof side which extend 4" onto the roof. Wood blocking is required under scuppers to provide a nailable surface.
Scuppers should be spaced no greater than 10 feet apart depending on the roof area drained. Where a roof is completely surrounded by parapet walls and drainage is provided by scuppers or internal drains, overflow scuppers should be provided. This detail illustrates the installation of a scupper through a raised roof curb with a gravel stop. Since no gutters or conductor heads are provided, the scupper spout should extend beyond the exterior face of the building.
All joints of the scupper should be soldered. The edge of the copper fascia and gravel stop at the scupper should also be soldered.Blank floor plan grid
This detail shows a scupper used in conjunction with a gutter. The scupper spout is soldered into the copper fascia and gravel stop. The drip edge of the fascia should extend over the back edge of the gutter by 1" minimum.
The scupper and gravel stop flanges are nailed to the blocking. The conductor head must be at least 2" wider than the scupper. It is attached to the wood nailer through the fascia.
The scupper spout is locked and soldered to the conductor head. All joints between scupper, conductor head, downspout, fascia and gravel stop are soldered.Ue boom 2 battery problems
Shown is the installation of a copper scupper through a parapet wall in conjunction with conductor head and downspout. The conductor head is attached to the exterior wall using masonry fasteners. The scupper spout is locked and soldered onto the back edge of the conductor head. If conductor heads without overflow are used, the rim of the head should be set 1" below the scupper.
A closure flange is inserted and sealed into a masonry joint above the scupper. The sides are also sealed against the masonry. The scupper is locked and soldered onto the flange at the top and two sides.
On the roof side, the flange is covered by copper flashing. The flange is formed and soldered to the roof side of the scupper, leaving at least 4" of material around the opening. A continuous sheet of copper counterflashing is inserted into a masonry joint above this flange.
This flashing extends at least 2" beyond the ends of the flange and laps the soldered joint between the flange and the scupper. The bottom edge of the scupper on the roof side is locked and soldered into a continuous copper cleat.
A copper gravel stop is soldered in the scupper.Join us to get great money-saving tips, cool ideas, and valuable advice from home improvement expert Don Vandervort! A helpful explanation on how a toilet works, with toilet plumbing diagrams and definitions of toilet parts. Start by familiarizing yourself with the basic workings of a toilet. Refer to the illustration at right. A toilet has two main parts—the tank and the bowl. The bowl holds water and connects to the drain for disposing of waste water and waste.
The tank, which sits up behind the bowl, contains reserve water for refilling the bowl plus the devices for flushing clean water into the bowl and refilling the tank. One of these devices—called a ballcock—is connected to the water supply and controls delivery of water to the tank. The drop in water level is sensed by a float, ball, or pressure gauge, and this triggers the ballcock to refill the tank.
When a conventional toilet is flushed, water from the tank rushes into the bowl through an orifice called the flush valve.
Before you trip the lever, this valve is plugged with a rubber stopper, called a tank ball, flush valve seat ball, or the newer, more effective flapper or flapper ball. Get Free Bids Now! The valve and the flapper together are called—not surprisingly—the flapper valve. Tripping the lever simply lifts the rubber flapper off the valve and…whoosh, the water flows into the toilet bowl!
He has also authored, edited, or produced more than 30 books in the home improvement space.
19 Parts of a Roof on a House (Detailed Diagram)
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Different Parts of a Roof and Their Importance (With Diagrams)
Most of us architects love flat roofs. The composition made by the long horizontal eave lines just makes for good design. The slight angle gives the water somewhere to go; preventing puddling and leaking. The parapet contains the sloped roof and frees up the architecture to have a perfectly flat profile. Naturally, there are many different types of parapets for all the different situations, materials, construction methods and climates out there.
The first of which is probably the most common. The assembly is straight-forward but what complicates matters is that the roof needs to be vented.
Like any roof with batt insulation, the venting is an important part of the system. Instead the air is vented through the roof to the parapet walls —the parapet then incorporates a continuous strip vent beneath the cap flashing.
The cap flashing requires a gap between the siding large enough to allow for air movement to and from the vent. The parapet wall needs to be tall enough for both the base flashing and the cap flashing to work together and provide the required venting.
The second example was designed for a rainscreen application and was used on the Medina Residence above. This is a nice detail because it keeps a crisp, clean edge profile at the top of the parapet wall. It was important for this design to be as clean and minimal as possible —even a 2 or 3 inch flashing return at the top would have looked visually intrusive.
As long as the cap flashing is sloped to the roof, the additional water that gets behind the rainscreen panels is negligible. The third and last example is perhaps the most complicated. Simply put —we built a wood deck over a sloped roof system. The mechanics are, however, much more intricate. One of the advantages of using a rainscreen at this location is that the vertical downspouts can reside behind the rainscreen panels but outside of the waterproof membrane.Cold weather, conversely, reduces the effectiveness of the self-adhesive strips under the shingles.
A roof can still be reshingled at other times of year, as long as the roofer adjusts the installation method e. Under the Quebec Construction Code, certain kinds of particleboard are also authorized. The space under the roof. The attic must be ventilated to protect the roofing system against excessive heat in summer and warm moist air generated by the house in winter. Excess humidity can turn into frost if it comes into contact with cold surfaces under the roofing.
A structure located behind the higher side of a chimney or similar projections from the roof to divert rainwater around it. To ensure the valley is watertight, it is covered by flashing, made of a flexible material or of metal—or, better still, a combination of the two. This coating, made of felt saturated with asphalt or a synthetic fabric, protects the shingles against resin released by the wood decking, and protects the decking itself against bad weather.
Ice damming on roofs: zero tolerance! This membrane is mandatory to obtain certain warranties. Moulding that covers the edge of the roof and reduces the risk of water infiltration. While not required by the Code, it is recommended by roofers and manufacturers.
The 17 Parts of a Roof Gutter (Illustrated Diagrams)
It is attached directly to the decking, along the bottom of the roof slope and above the underlay, on the sides of the roof. These enclosed structures made of metal or plastic feature openings and fins, ensuring that the attic space is properly ventilated.
The most effective vents have four open sides and rise above the roof, which allows them to capture the wind from all directions to produce a suction effect. To achieve full ventilation of the attic, there must be an air inlet at the base of the roof, through perforations in the eaves soffit.
Most often made of perforated aluminium, this piece closes off the underside of the eaves. This is a piece of polystyrene or cardboard inserted between two rafters to ensure the free flow of air over the insulation near the soffits. There should be at least 2 inches of space under the decking. A pipe that emerges from the roof and admits air into the plumbing system to allow wastewater to flow properly to the sewer or septic-system leaching field. Flashing can be flexible or rigid and is made of galvanized steel, aluminum or plastic.
It is a type of resistant moulding that prevents water flowing near roof openings from infiltrating the roof. Flashing is found in valleys and at the bases of chimneys, walls, roof vents and plumbing vents. Asphalt shingles have become popular in North America because of their affordability and ease of installation.
Their waterproofing function works by gravity: as long as water is flowing downward, nothing will penetrate. The lifespan of asphalt shingles is between 20 and 40 years. The thicker and heavier the shingles are, the more resistant they are to inclement weather.
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